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VCRB :: Contents of Volume 49/1998 :: Detailed information


COMPARISON OF STORAGE ABILITY OF SOME CHINESE CABBAGE CULTIVARS (BRASSICA RAPA L. var. PEKINENSIS (LOUR.) OLSSON) FROM SPRING, SUMMER AND AUTUMN PRODUCTION

Maria GRZEGORZEWSKA, Franciszek ADAMICKI, Krystyna ELKNER
Research Institute of Vegetable Crops, Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland


Summary

The investigation on the storage ability of few Chinese cabbage from spring, summer and autumn production were carried aut in the years 1993-1996. The results have shown a peat differences in storage ability, mainly due to their susceptibility to chilling injury. The best storage temperature for most of the tested cultivars has found to be 0-3°C. The prolongation of storage period from 100 to 130 days resulted in reducing of the amount of marketable cabbage and increasing of the weight of rotten heads. The differences in storage ability in the particular storage seasons were observed.The best storage cultivars of Chinese cabbage were: Asten F1, Kingdom F1, Marquis F1 Nepos F1, Parkin F1, Sumiko F1. The browning of the mainly veins leaves as a physiological damage was observed at lower temperature (0°C). The highest level of L-ascorbic acid after storage was found in cultivars: Disko F1 Parkin F1, Brocken F1, Morillo F1. The storage temperature had no influence on the content of L-ascorbic acid in cabbage. During storage, the level of nitrites gradually decreased.

keywords:storage, Chinese cabbage, cultivar, physiological damage, temperature of storage

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